Anyone who angers you conquers you

Charles Klein

1. A specific question: Is violence a male phenomenon? If so, do young men need specific help?
95% of violent offenders that have been sentenced are male. In the case of further offenders, the spiral of violence starts to spin at an early age: mostly young men start to exercise their social role for different reasons. In social groups – or alone. As recently – words fail me – an offender in Norway spreading horror and grief who seemed to be almost “normal” could have been preparing his outrageous violent acts solitary and unnoticed for years.
Some further questions on this point:
What completely new understanding should the affluent society gain?
What are the causes of violent excesses and how can the conditions evoking them be modified so that violence could be reduced significantly and measurably?
What are the motives – inner and outer – that bring people to torture, hurt and eventually kill other people?
What can, should and must be done to substitute violence for peaceful means in order to eliminate personal discrimination, humiliation and social exclusion at an early stage?
How can peace be generally acknowledged as a true life principle and put into practice in actual everyday life?

2. A specific question: How can Viktor E. Frankl's logotherapy and existential analysis contribute to successful implementation of violence-free lifestyle?

Viktor E. Frankl, having survived even Auschwitz and other concentration camps, developed his logotherapy and existential analysis – a meaning-oriented psychotherapy which is now gaining significance in violence prevention.
What is the problem of violence – from the viewpoint of the meaning-oriented psychotherapy?
A preliminary remark: of course, the meaning-oriented psychotherapy distinguishes on the basis of the medical differential diagnosis between severe pathological disorders which must be first of all treated by a medical specialist and psychotherapeutical disorders which are foremost subject to  psychotherapeutical treatment.
From the viewpoint of  logotherapy and existential analysis, the problem of aggression and violence  lies normally in a false self-perception of the offender. His self-perception (see the explanation of the 26-year-old killer of three-year-old Cain) is deprived of reference to meaning. Due to missing reference to meaning in his actions, his brain without meaningful direction leaves its physical impulses to themselves. Brain researcher Prof. Dr. Joachim Bauer is convinced that there is no “aggressive drive” as such. It does not mean that aggression is nonexistent.  On the contrary, aggression (cf. aggression, lat., in modern psychology means person's instinctive assaultive behavior triggered mostly by suppression or frustration) fulfills useful functions. It is crucial, however, to abandon exaggerated mythologizing views of aggression impulses as of “Forces of the Evil”.  According to J. Bauer, the underestimated triggers of violence are rather social exclusion and humiliation. 
Modern brain research teaches that people react to the results of exclusion and humiliation the same way as to physical pain – namely, aggressively, also in political dimensions. (J. Bauer, 30th Goldegger Dialogues, in: http:/ and J. Bauer, Threshold of Sensitivity – on Origins of Daily and Global Violence. Publishing house Blessing-Verlag. München).
Therefore, it is required to redefine and attentively monitor the reasonable threshold of sensitivity for potential offenders in situations of social exclusion and humiliation. In view of the instinct and tradition loss as well as ever increasing number of new rules of conduct for young people, it is mainly the abysmal feeling of meaninglessness, inner emptiness and lingering loss of meaning that is very often induced by the norms imposed from outside. Norms are often seen by young people - in spite of functional reference to meaning –  as “values without meaning” or as deprived of any value and meaning.